Unified Distributed Control of Battery Storage with Various Primary Control in Power Systems

Dinh Hoa Nguyen, Javad Khazaei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Distinct characteristics of transmission and distribution power grids typically necessitate different control algorithms, especially at the primary control level where quick responses are required. Accordingly, various droop control schemes have been developed due to specific types of power grid impedances. Therefore, controllers at higher levels often have to be redesigned whenever a different power grid is considered, hence, incurring higher cost and effort. As a way to overcome that problem, in this work, a unified secondary controller using distributed control theory is designed for different droop schemes associated with distributed battery storage in different grid conditions. The control design follows the consensus theory, originally designed for multi-agent systems, to control the frequency and voltage at the point of common coupling (PCC), synchronize energy levels, and proportionally share active and reactive powers of battery storage systems. A sufficient condition for the upper bound of communication delays between storage systems is derived to ensure system stability. Several scenarios are studied using a modified IEEE 118-bus benchmark to support the theoretical results of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2332-2341
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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