We present the first bulk synthesis of Ti3Co5B2, which was realized by arc-melting a Co-rich elemental mixture. Our X-ray diffraction studies revealed a Ti/Co mixed occupancy on one of two possible Ti sites suggesting a phase width with x = 0–0.52 in Ti3–xCo5+xB2. Moreover, we studied experimentally and theoretically the isoelectronic substitution of Ti and Co by their respective higher homologues (Zr/Rh and Hf/Ir). Surprisingly, Ti3Co5B2-type phase was obtained only for the Hf/Ir combination (single crystal analysis of Hf3Ir5B2), whereas for Zr/Rh a perovskite-like phase (ZrRh3Bx) was discovered instead. We found that small but crucial differences (atomic radius ratio and electronegativity difference) between elements of the same group in the periodic Table are responsible for the unexpected trend deviation. This finding is supported by DFT calculations of the free energy of formation.
|Number of pages
|Zeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie
|Published - Nov 17 2017
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Inorganic Chemistry