Underwater shake table tests on waterfront structures protected with tire chips cushion

Hemanta Hazarika, Eiji Kohama, Takahiro Sugano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


A series of large-scale underwater shaking table tests was performed on a gravity type model caisson protected by a cushioning technique using tire chips (scrap tire derived recycled product). The function of the tire chips cushion is to reduce the load and restricting the permanent displacement of such waterfront retaining structures during earthquakes by exploiting the compressibility, the ductility and the energy absorbing capacity of tire chips. The seismic performance of such earthquake resistant techniques was evaluated by subjecting the soil-structure system into three different earthquake loadings (two actual earthquake records and one synthetic earthquake), and measuring the respective responses. The results demonstrated that the seismic load against the caisson quay wall could be substantially reduced using the proposed technique. In addition, the presence of the protective tire chips cushion could significantly reduce the earthquake-induced residual displacement of the caisson quay wall.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1706-1719
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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