Two cases of fetuses with difficult airway that survived by the EXIT (ex utero intrapartum treatment) procedure

Tetsuya Kai, Natsuki Ishibe, Yuji Soeda, Mariko Tanaka, Sumio Hoka

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We successfully managed two fetuses complicated with suspected airway obstruction after birth by the EXIT (ex utero intrapartum treatment) procedure, whose placental circulation was maintained till their airway was secured during the cesarean section. The first fetus was suspected to have airway obstruction due to a large neck mass. At 36 weeks of gestation, the EXIT procedure was undertaken performing the tracheal intubation successfully by laryngoscope. The second fetus with micrognathia was expected to have airway obstruction after birth. The EXIT procedure was undertaken at 35 weeks of gestation. The tracheal intubation by laryngoscope or by stylet scope was impossible, and the airway was secured by tracheostomy. The direct roles of anesthesiologists in the EXIT procedure are to let the uterus relax enough, deal with bleeding, and manage the fetal airway. The EXIT procedure is a specialized operation in which various specialists are involved, and a variety of judgments are necessary within a short time. Therefore, all concerned personnel should discuss previously to make a concensus on the processes during the procedure. The organization may be also an important role of the anesthesiologists in the EXIT procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-378
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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