Turbulent burning velocity, burned gas distribution, and associated flame surface definition

D. Bradley, M. Z. Haq, R. A. Hicks, T. Kitagawa, M. Lawes, C. G.W. Sheppard, R. Woolley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

188 Citations (Scopus)


Experimental studies of premixed, turbulent, gaseous explosion flames in a fan-stirred bomb are reported. The turbulence was uniform and isotropic, while changes in the rms turbulent velocity were achieved by changes in the speed of the fans. Central spark ignitions created mean spherical flame propagation. The spatial distributions of burned and unburned gases during the propagation were measured from the Mie scattering of tobacco smoke in a thin planar laser sheet. The plane was located just in front of the central spark gap and was generated by a copper vapor laser operating at a pulse rate of 4.5 kHz. High-speed schlieren images also were captured simultaneously. The distributions of the proportions of burned and unburned gases around circumferences were found for all radii at all stages of the explosion, and mean values of these proportions were derived as a function of the mean flame radius. The flame brush thickness increased with flame radius. The way the turbulent burning velocity is defined depends on the chosen associated flame radius. Various definitions are scrutinized and different flame radii presented, along with the associated turbulent burning velocities. Engulfment and mass turbulent burning velocities are compared. It is shown how the latter might conveniently be obtained from schlieren cine images. In a given explosion, the burning velocity increased with time and radius, as a consequence of the continual broadening of the effective spectrum of turbulence to which the flame was subjected. A decrease in the Markstein number of the mixture increased the turbulent burning velocity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-430
Number of pages16
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Turbulent burning velocity, burned gas distribution, and associated flame surface definition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this