B cells produce high amounts of cytokines and immunoglobulins in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Calcium signaling cascades are critically involved in cytokine production of T cells, and the cytosolic calcium concentration is regulated by calcium-activated monovalent cation channels (CAMs). Calcium signaling is also implicated in B cell activation; however, its involvement in the cytokine production of LPS-stimulated B cells remains less well characterized. Here, we show that the transient receptor potential melastatin 5 channel (TRPM5), which is one of the CAMs, negatively modulates calcium signaling, thereby regulating LPS-induced proliferative and inflammatory responses by B cells. LPS-stimulated B cells of Trpm5-deficient mice exhibit an increased cytosolic calcium concentration, leading to enhanced proliferation and the production of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 and CXCL10. Furthermore, Trpm5-deficient mice show an exacerbation of endotoxic shock with high mortality. Our findings demonstrate the importance of TRPM5-dependent regulatory mechanisms in LPS-induced calcium signaling of splenic B cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)