Transient analysis of organic electrophosphorescence. II. Transient analysis of triplet-triplet annihilation

M. A. Baldo, C. Adachi, S. R. Forrest

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1344 Citations (Scopus)


In the preceding paper, Paper I [Phys. Rev. B 62, 10 958 (2000)], we studied the formation and diffusion of excitons in several phosphorescent guest-host molecular organic systems. In this paper, we demonstrate that the observed decrease in electrophosphorescent intensity in organic light-emitting devices at high current densities [M. A. Baldo et al., Nature 395, 151 (1998)] is principally due to triplet-triplet annihilation. Using parameters extracted from transient phosphorescent decays, we model the quantum efficiency versus current characteristics of electrophosphorescent devices. It is found that the increase in luminance observed for phosphors with short excited-state lifetimes is due primarily to reduced triplet-triplet annihilation. We also derive an expression for a limiting current density (J0) above which triplet-triplet annihilation dominates. The expression for J0 allows us to establish the criteria for identifying useful phosphors and to assist in the optimized design of electrophosphorescent molecules and device structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10967-10977
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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