Transdermal Transmission Blocking Vaccine for Malaria using a Solid-in-Oil Dispersion

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Abstract

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that is widespread in developing countries. Malaria vaccines are important in efforts to eradicate malaria; however, vaccines are usually administered by injection, which requires medical personnel and has a risk of causing infection. Transdermal vaccines can be administered without damaging the skin and thus are ideal for the prevention of malaria. However, the stratum corneum forms a "brick and mortar" like structure in which stratum corneum cells are embedded in a hydrophobic matrix composed of lipids, which strongly inhibits the permeation of hydrophilic substances. In the present study, we designed a transdermal vaccine against vivax malaria using a solid-in-oil (S/O) dispersion. The S/O dispersion of a transmission blocking vaccine candidate, Pvs25 from Plasmodium vivax, showed higher skin penetration than that of the aqueous solution. Mice immunized with the S/O dispersion generated antibodies at similar titers as the mice immunized by injection, over the mid- to long-term. These results provide information for the development of transdermally administered malaria vaccines toward the eradication of malaria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-415
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume112
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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