Objective - Fluid shear stress induces cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 gene expression in vascular endothelial cells. We investigated the underlying mechanism of this induction. Methods and Results - Exposure of human umbilical vein endothelial cells to laminar shear stress in the physiological range (1 to 30 dyne/cm2) upregulated the expression of COX-2 but not COX-1, a constitutive isozyme of COX. The expression of COX-2 mRNA began to increase within 0.5 hour after the loading of shear stress and reached a maximal level at 4 hours. Roles of the promoter region and the 3′-untranslated region in the human COX-2 gene were evaluated by the transient transfection of luciferase reporter vectors into bovine arterial endothelial cells. Shear stress elevated luciferase activity via the region between -327 and 59 bp. Mutation analysis indicated that cAMP-responsive element (-59/-53 bp) was mainly involved in this response. On the other hand, shear stress selectively stabilized COX-2 mRNA. Moreover, shear stress elevated luciferase activity when a 3′-untranslated region of COX-2 gene containing 17 copies of the AUUUA mRNA instability motif was inserted into the vector. Conclusions - Transcriptional activation and posttranscriptional mRNA stabilization contribute to the rapid and sustained expression of COX-2 in response to shear stress.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine