Time-of-flight MR angiography targeted to coiled intracranial aneurysms is more sensitive to residual flow than is digital subtraction angiography

Naoaki Yamada, Katsuhiko Hayashi, Kenichi Murao, Masahiro Higashi, Koji Iihara

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103 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: For intracranial aneurysms treated with Guglielmi detachable coils, long-term follow-up is mandatory because coil compaction may occur and aneurysms may recur. The purpose of this study was to establish a noninvasive technique to visualize residual flow in coiled aneurysms. METHODS: We designed a 3D time-of-flight (3D-TOF) MR angiography (MRA) technique targeted to depict coiled aneurysms that employed a very short TE (1.54-1.60 ms) and a high spatial resolution (0.3 × 0.3 × 0.3 mm3 with zero-filling) to diminish spin dephasing. To diminish spin saturation, image volume was carefully positioned so that the neck of the targeted aneurysm was within 2 cm of the inflow portion along the stream of blood. Fifty-one MRA images of 39 coiled aneurysms in 39 patients were compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images. DSA and MRA findings were interpolated retrospectively for parent and branch arteries' patency, as well as residual flow in aneurysms. In the latest 11 MR studies, a dark-blood 3D turbo spin-echo sequence was added to MRA to negate the effect high-signal-intensity thrombus. RESULTS: MRA visualized all parent and branch arteries with DSA confirmation. MRA visualized residual flow more frequently (38 studies) than did DSA (25 studies). Residual flow space visualized with MRA was always similar to or larger than that with DSA. The dark-blood sequence completely suppressed intraluminal high signal intensity on MRA images and confirmed that the high signal intensity was not due to thrombus. CONCLUSION: TOF MRA targeted to depict coiled intracranial aneurysms is noninvasive and superior to DSA in visualization of residual flow and, hence, useful for follow-up of coiled aneurysms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1154-1157
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology


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