Tidal mixing and the meridional overturning circulation from the Last Glacial Maximum

J. A. Mattias Green, Clare L. Green, Grant R. Bigg, Tom P. Rippeth, James D. Scourse, Katsuto Uehara

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)


    Using a global tidal model it is shown that the supply of tidal energy to the deep ocean was larger during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; 18,000-22,000 years BP). The results were used to modify the rate of vertical mixing in a coupled ocean-atmosphere model set up for the present and LGM oceans. The increased levels of mechanical energy during the LGM were countered by a fresher upper North Atlantic, which led to a reduced circulation and deep water formation in spite of a trebling of the implicit mixing energy. This identifies the significance of accurately representing vertical mixing in climate models to estimate the recovery time-scales and timings of rapid catastrophic paleoceanographic events. From the estimated levels of implicit energy in the vertical mixing scheme an amendment to diffusivity based mixing schemes is suggested.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberL15603
    JournalGeophysical Research Letters
    Issue number15
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 16 2009

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


    Dive into the research topics of 'Tidal mixing and the meridional overturning circulation from the Last Glacial Maximum'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this