Three-dimensional flow simulation of a film-casting process was performed using a finite element method assuming an isothermal and steady Newtonian flow. The simulation was carried out under industrial operation conditions. The neck-in and the edge bead phenomena could be simulated. The effects of draw ratio, air gap length, and die width on these phenomena are discussed. The neck-in and the edge bead phenomena were affected by the draw ratio and air gap length and not by the die width. The neck-in value, which was defined as the difference between the die width and film width at the chill roll, increased with the draw ratio and air gap length.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry