Thermomechanical characterization and development of SMA embedded CFRP composites with self-damage control

Byung Koog Jang, Ya Xu, Ryutaro Oishi, Hideki Nagai, Hitoshi Yoshida, Yoshio Akimune, Kazuhiro Otsuka, Teruo Kishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The focus of this work is the thermomechanical characterization and effect of damage recovery on the pre-strained SMA wire embedded CFRP composites for developing the smart composites with self-damage control. The SMA utilized in this work is a Ni-45at%Ti wire with a diameter of 0.4 mm. A steel mold was specially designed to embed the pre-strained TiNi wire into CFRP preperg and prevent their recovery during the cure cycle. TiNi/CFRP composites were fabricated by hot-pressing in the temperature range of 150-180°C by controlling the applied pressure. The overall research is divided into four parts: fabrication of SMA wire embedded CFRP composites, experimental characterization of thermomechanical behavior on SMA wire by electrical heating, recovery effect of self-damage control in composites and sensing effect by detecting the electrical resistance at SMA wire. Compressive recovery force induced by thermomechanical actuation of SMA depends on pre-strained level and volume fraction of TiNi. The hot-pressed TiNi/CFRP specimens were loaded under tensile test in order to induce a transverse crack or partial damage. Specially, transverse crack easily happen at 90° stacking CFRP layers. The damage degree due to generation of transverse cracks is quantified by real-time measurements of electrical resistance of SMA in composites during tensile load. After electrical heating, the generated transverse cracks at composites successfully repaired due to compressive force introduced by pre-strained TiNi wires and resulting in the self-damage recovery effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-190
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Thermomechanical characterization and development of SMA embedded CFRP composites with self-damage control'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this