Thermodynamics of nitrogen absorption into solid solution in Fe-Cr-Mn ternary alloys

T. Tsuchiyama, S. Takaki

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    For the purpose of fabricating ultra-high nitrogen austenitic steels (>1mass%N), the phenomenon of nitrogen absorption into solid solution was thermodynamically analyzed and applied to Fe-Cr-Mn system ternary alloy. During the annealing of the steel in a nitrogen gas atmosphere of 0.1 MPa at 1473 K (nitrogen absorption treatment), the nitrogen content of the steel was increased with the absorption of nitrogen gas from the material surface and then saturated when the system reached a state of equilibrium. The effect of the steel composition on the equilibrium nitrogen content was formulated taking account of interactions among Cr, Mn and N atoms, and the condition for fabrication of ultra-high nitrogen austenitic steels was clarified. The nitrogen addition to ultra-high content markedly increased proof stress and tensile stress of the austenitic steels without losing moderate ductility. For example, Fe-24Cr-10Mn-1.43N (mass%) alloy has 830 MPa in 0.2% proof stress, 2.2 GPa in true tensile stress and 75% in total elongation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)957-962
    Number of pages6
    JournalMaterials Science Forum
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2003
    EventThermec 2003 Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials - Madrid, Spain
    Duration: Jul 7 2003Jul 11 2003

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General Materials Science
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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