Theoretical investigation of two-particle two-hole effects on spin-isospin excitations through charge-exchange reactions

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Background: Coherent one-particle one-hole (1p1h) excitations have given us effective insights into general nuclear excitations. However, the two-particle two-hole (2p2h) excitation beyond 1p1h is now recognized as critical for the proper description of experimental data of various nuclear responses. Purpose: The spin-flip charge-exchange reactions Ca48(p,n)Sc48 are investigated to clarify the role of the 2p2h effect on their cross sections. The Fermi transition of Ca48 via the (p,n) reaction is also investigated in order to demonstrate our framework. Methods: The transition density is calculated microscopically with the second Tamm-Dancoff approximation, and the distorted-wave Born approximation is employed to describe the reaction process. A phenomenological one-range Gaussian interaction is used to prepare the form factor. Results: For the Fermi transition, our approach describes the experimental behavior of the cross section better than the Lane model, which is the conventional method. For spin-flip excitations including the GT transition, the 2p2h effect decreases the magnitude of the cross section and does not change the shape of the angular distribution. The Δl=2 transition of the present reaction is found to play a negligible role. Conclusions: The 2p2h effect will not change the angular-distributed cross section of spin-flip responses. This is because the transition density of the Gamow-Teller response, the leading contribution to the cross section, is not significantly varied by the 2p2h effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054608
JournalPhysical Review C
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 21 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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