A THz optical modulator for a continuous-wave laser using a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) was proposed and theoretically analyzed. Lightwaves traveling through the HC-PCF is modulated by interactions with coherently driven Raman-active molecules in the core. The coherent molecular motion is excited by a pulse train having an interval between successive pulses shorter than the molecular dephasing time. In principle, a rotational transition of molecular hydrogen (S0(1)) at a pressure of 1 atm has a long enough dephasing time to maintain molecular coherence during a 1 GHz commercially available mode-locked pulse train. Optimization of the waveguide dispersion would enable phase-matching between the probe beam and generated sidebands during optical modulation. The proposed scheme would be achievable with a reasonable pump beam power and HC-PCF length, and with a feasible pressure of molecules in the core.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- General Engineering
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes