Two general synthetic routes were established in order to synthesize two diglycosides, primeverosides (1) and vicianosides (2), found in tea leaves. Procedure 1 is based on the Koenig-Knorr type of condensation of aglycon alcohols and 1-α-bromohexabenzoylprimeverose (6) and is suitable for the condensation of primary alcohols. Procedure 2 is to combine tribenzoyl-β-D-glucoside (8) and 1-α-bromotribenzoylxylose (4). The primeveroside of a tertiary alcohol was synthesized by this method which is also applicable to the synthesis of vicianosides. The hydrolysis rate of each of the 12 synthesized glycosides by a crude tea enzyme was evaluated, which suggest that the main glycosidase is primeverosidase and the enzyme mixture shows substrate specificity to both the carbohydrate and aglycon moieties.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Agricultural and Biological Sciences