The physical oceanography of the transport of floating marine debris

Erik Van Sebille, Stefano Aliani, Kara Lavender Law, Nikolai Maximenko, José M. Alsina, Andrei Bagaev, Melanie Bergmann, Bertrand Chapron, Irina Chubarenko, Andrés Cózar, Philippe Delandmeter, Matthias Egger, Baylor Fox-Kemper, Shungudzemwoyo P. Garaba, Lonneke Goddijn-Murphy, Britta Denise Hardesty, Matthew J. Hoffman, Atsuhiko Isobe, Cleo E. Jongedijk, Mikael L.A. KaandorpLiliya Khatmullina, Albert A. Koelmans, Tobias Kukulka, Charlotte Laufkötter, Laurent Lebreton, Delphine Lobelle, Christophe Maes, Victor Martinez-Vicente, Miguel Angel Morales Maqueda, Marie Poulain-Zarcos, Ernesto Rodríguez, Peter G. Ryan, Alan L. Shanks, Won Joon Shim, Giuseppe Suaria, Martin Thiel, Ton S. Van Den Bremer, David Wichmann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

426 Citations (Scopus)


Marine plastic debris floating on the ocean surface is a major environmental problem. However, its distribution in the ocean is poorly mapped, and most of the plastic waste estimated to have entered the ocean from land is unaccounted for. Better understanding of how plastic debris is transported from coastal and marine sources is crucial to quantify and close the global inventory of marine plastics, which in turn represents critical information for mitigation or policy strategies. At the same time, plastic is a unique tracer that provides an opportunity to learn more about the physics and dynamics of our ocean across multiple scales, from the Ekman convergence in basin-scale gyres to individual waves in the surfzone. In this review, we comprehensively discuss what is known about the different processes that govern the transport of floating marine plastic debris in both the open ocean and the coastal zones, based on the published literature and referring to insights from neighbouring fields such as oil spill dispersion, marine safety recovery, plankton connectivity, and others. We discuss how measurements of marine plastics (both in situ and in the laboratory), remote sensing, and numerical simulations can elucidate these processes and their interactions across spatio-temporal scales.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023003
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 17 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Environmental Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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