Microsomal cytochromes P-450 are known to be integrated into smooth endoplasmic reticulum through their hydrophobic sequences located at the N termini. The length requirement of the membrane insertion signal was determined by the generation of six plasmids encoding mutant P450c21 that lacked various portions of the N-terminal hydrophobic domains. When they were transcribed and translated in vitro in the presence of endoplasmic reticulum membranes, mutant protein lacking more than a third of the first hydrophobic domain gradually lost the ability to insert into the membrane and stayed mostly in the soluble fraction when the first N-terminal hydrophobic domain was removed. The steady-state amount of the truncated proteins was progressively reduced in parallel to the extent of their N-terminal deletions, due to their fast degradation. This process was accompanied by a decrease in the enzymatic activity. Therefore, the first hydrophobic domain of P450c21 not only serves as a membrane targeting and anchoring domain, but it is also important for the in vivo protein stability.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology