The Influence of Urban Form on Travel Energy Consumption in Kathmandu

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A rapid increase in travel energy consumption is becoming serious issues in Kathmandu, Nepal. This study examined the effect of urban form; 5Ds (density, diversity, design, destination accessibility and distance to transit) on the travel energy consumption. First, empirical analysis is performed based on 5Ds to understand the urban form of entire Kathmandu via 35wards. Afterward, homogenous groups are identified based on 5Ds and travel energy consumption by using k-means cluster analysis. The result highlights: (1) Compact planning in Kathmandu indicates the highest walking mode share, however among the energy-intensive mode, motorcycle is found highly used, (2) Residential area has direct effect on travel energy consumption, (3) Higher travel energy consumption is found due to maximum motorcycle use in highly road connected areas (D3) which are far from Central Business District (CBD) and longer travel distance as the effect of less density (D1), low land use mix (D2) and poor transit accessibility (D5).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-95
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of International Exchange and Innovation Conference on Engineering & Sciences (IEICES)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 18 2018


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