The impact of climate change and extreme events on agriculture in Africa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


It is known that developing countries will suffer the most due to the impacts of climate change on agriculture. In the case of Africa, all African countries are classified as developing countries. This raises the following question: will the entire continent experience the impact of climate change? To answer this question, the current chapter reviews the impact of climate change on Africa while considering the income level classes of the countries. First, this chapter highlights that temperature has become increasingly more harmful to African agriculture over the years. Second, countries classified below the lower-middle-income level significantly suffer from the impacts of climate change, and this effect is worse for countries with a low-income level. Meanwhile, the countries classified as the upper-middle-income level seem to overcome the impact of climate change on agriculture. Third, in the period of 1990–2014, sub-Saharan and non-sub-Saharan African countries approximately underwent the same amplitude of climate change impacts. These findings show the harmful impact of climate change on agriculture in the poorest countries of Africa and the need to tackle this matter.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWealth, Inclusive Growth and Sustainability
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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