The environmental kuznets curve in asia

Eriko Miyama, Shunsuke Managi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Kuznets (1955) argued that income inequality in a country first rises and then begins to fall at a certain point of economic development to form an inverted U-shaped curve, which is known as the “Kuznets curve.” The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is a variation of the Kuznets curve that represents the relationship between economic development and environmental degradation instead of income inequality. The logic behind the EKC is that environmental quality may deteriorate as a result of economic development because of an increase in economically valuable activities that may have deleterious environmental effects, such as production and transportation. After a certain level of economic development has been reached, however, environmentally friendly innovations may be adopted that help improve environmental quality, but this is merely a hypothesis that has yet to be empirically tested. Knowing whether the level of environmental degradation will continue to increase or decrease after a certain level of economic development is critical to the pursuit of sustainable development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of Environmental Economics in Asia
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781317597872
ISBN (Print)9780415656450
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Economics,Econometrics and Finance
  • General Business,Management and Accounting


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