The Effect of Increasing Nickel Content on the Microstructure, Hardness, and Corrosion Resistance of the CuFeTiZrNix High-Entropy Alloys

Po Cheng Kuo, Sin Yi Chen, William Yu, Ryo Okumura, Satoshi Iikubo, Andromeda Dwi Laksono, Yee Wen Yen, Alberto S. Pasana

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, high-entropy alloys (HEAs) that contain fine grains of intermetallic compounds (IMCs) have gained increasing attention as they have been shown to exhibit both high mechanical strength and strong corrosion resistance. One such class of HEAs is that of CuFeTiZrNi alloys. In this study, we have investigated the effect of increasing Ni content on the microstructure, hardness, and corrosion resistance of the CuFeTiZrNix alloys (where x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8, 1.0 in a molar ratio). The alloys used in this study were prepared in an arc melting furnace and then annealed at 900 C. First-principles calculations of the bulk modulus were also performed for each alloy. The results revealed that increasing the Ni content had several effects. Firstly, the microstructure of the CuFeTiZrNix alloys changed from B2_BCC and Laves_C14 in the CuFeTiZrNi0.1 and CuFeTiZrNi0.3 alloys to FCC, B2_BCC, and Laves_C14 in the CuFeTiZrNi0.5 alloys; and to FCC, B2_BCC, Cu51 Zr14, and Laves_C14 in the CuFeTiZrNi0.8 and CuFeTiZrNi1.0 alloys. Secondly, IMCs arising from a combination of the refractory elements (Ti and Zr) and atomic size differences were found in the interdendritic region. Thirdly, as the Ni content in the CuFeTiZrNix alloys increased, the hardness decreased, but the corrosion resistance increased.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3098
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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