In a nominal or engineering stress-controlled low-cycle fatigue test, cyclic strain-induced creep (C. C) often advances when a mean stress is imposed. To examine rigorously the effect of this C. C behaviour on fatigue strength, true stress-controlled low-cycle fatigue tests were conducted on a medium carbon steel under imposed either tensile or compressive mean stress. The effects of a cyclic stress-strain relationship and C. C behaviour-produced axial plastic strain (ɛm) on fatigue strength were examined. Those effects were also examined from the viewpoint of microcrack initiation and propagation. The following results were obtained: (1) The cyclic plastic strain versus stress amplitude relation at the steady cyclic stress-strain state showed a power type relationship, irrespective of tensile or compressive mean stress. (2) An increase of em per cycle at half of the fatigue life was expressed by a power law of maximum tensile or compressive stress. (3) A modified Manson-Coffin relation, inclusive of a parameter of mean stress, was proposed. (4) The effect of the C. C behaviour on the fatigue strength was estimated on the basis of a microcrack growth law-aided approach previously developed.
|Number of pages
|Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series A
|Published - 1988
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering