Purpose: To verify the hypothesis that depth of the low-intensity band on T1-weighted MR image is useful for distinguishing subchondral insufficiency fracture (SIF) from osteonecrosis of the collapsed femoral head (ON). Patients and methods: We reviewed 35 consecutive hips in 35 patients with radiological evidence of subchondral collapse of the femoral head and available MR images and histology between May 2013 and January 2016. Both clinical and radiological appearances were investigated. The ratios of distance from articular surface of the femoral head to the T1 low-intensity band to femoral head diameter (band depth ratio: BDR) on (1) mid-coronal slice of MR images and that on (2) coronal slice of MR images in which the highest BDR was observed, were calculated. Results: The mean age in SIF group was significantly higher than that in ON group (SIF: 68 years, ON: 49 years, P = 0.0017). The rates of history of steroid intake or alcohol consumption in SIF group were significantly lower than those in ON group (P = 0.0022 and P = 0.0408, respectively). The mean BDRs in SIF group were (1) 0.16 and (2) 0.23, which were significantly lower than those in ON group [(1) 0.42 and (2) 0.59] (P < 0.0001 for both). The cut-off BDR values to differentiate SIF from ON were (1) 0.22 and (2) 0.38, respectively. Conclusion: The results of the study suggest that depth of the low-intensity band on T1-weighted MR image is useful for distinguishing SIF from ON in cases with collapsed femoral heads.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine