The CCR4-NOT deadenylase complex controls atg7-dependent cell death and heart function

Tomokazu Yamaguchi, Takashi Suzuki, Teruki Sato, Akinori Takahashi, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Ayumi Kadowaki, Miyuki Natsui, Hideaki Inagaki, Satoko Arakawa, Shinji Nakaoka, Yukio Koizumi, Shinsuke Seki, Shungo Adachi, Akira Fukao, Toshinobu Fujiwara, Tohru Natsume, Akinori Kimura, Masaaki Komatsu, Shigeomi Shimizu, Hiroshi ItoYutaka Suzuki, Josef M. Penninger, Tadashi Yamamoto, Yumiko Imai, Keiji Kuba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shortening and removal of the polyadenylate [poly(A)] tail of mRNA, a process called deadenylation, is a key step in mRNA decay that is mediated through the CCR4-NOT (carbon catabolite repression 4-negative on TATA-less) complex. In our investigation of the regulation of mRNA deadenylation in the heart, we found that this complex was required to prevent cell death. Conditional deletion of the CCR4-NOT complex components Cnot1 or Cnot3 resulted in the formation of autophagic vacuoles and cardiomyocyte death, leading to lethal heart failure accompanied by long QT intervals. Cnot3 bound to and shortened the poly(A) tail of the mRNA encoding the key autophagy regulator Atg7. In Cnot3-depleted hearts, Atg7 expression was posttranscriptionally increased. Genetic ablation of Atg7, but not Atg5, increased survival and partially restored cardiac function of Cnot1 or Cnot3 knockout mice. We further showed that in Cnot3-depleted hearts, Atg7 interacted with p53 and modulated p53 activity to induce the expression of genes encoding cell death-promoting factors in cardiomyocytes, indicating that defects in deadenylation in the heart aberrantly activated Atg7 and p53 to promote cell death. Thus, mRNA deadenylation mediated by the CCR4-NOT complex is crucial to prevent Atg7-induced cell death and heart failure, suggesting a role for mRNA deadenylation in targeting autophagy genes to maintain normal cardiac homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScience Signaling
Volume11
Issue number516
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 6 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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