Adsorption and chemical reactions occurring on industrially important ZSM-5 and faujasite zeolite catalysts are investigated with the quantum-mechanical fragment molecular orbital method combined with periodic boundary conditions. Suitable fragmentation patterns are devised and tested providing important case studies of computing real materials with fragmentation methods. A good accuracy is demonstrated in comparison to full calculations, and a good agreement with the available experimental data is obtained. The full production cycle of p-xylene on faujasite zeolite is mapped. The catalytic role of the zeolite in the dehydration reaction, analyzed with the partition analysis, is attributed to the delocalization of the negative charge over the zeolite. On the other hand, an increase of the barrier in the Diels-Alder reaction by the zeolite is attributed to the preferential stabilization of the reactants over the transition state as demonstrated by the guest-zeolite interaction energy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry