Many materials with differing surfaces have been developed for clinical implant therapy in dentistry and orthopedics. We analyzed the quantity of new bone formed in vivo around calcium-immobilized titanium implants with surfaces modified using pamidronate (PAM), a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate (N-BP), implants of pure titanium, and titanium implants immobilized with calcium ions. New bone formation was visualized using fluorescent labeling (calcein blue and alizarin complexone) with intravenous injection at 1 and 3 weeks after implantation. After 4 weeks, undecalcified sections were prepared, and new bone formation around the implants was examined by morphometry using confocal laser scanning microscopy images. After 1 week, more new bone formed around the PAM-immobilized implant than around the calcium-immobilized and pure titanium implants. This was also seen with the new bone formation after 3 weeks. After 4 weeks, significantly more new bones were formed around the BP-immobilized implant than around the calcium ion-implanted and pure titanium implants. The new N-BP-modified titanium surface stimulates new bone formation around the implant, which might contribute to the success of implant therapy.
|Number of pages
|Published - Feb 2005
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials