family GTP-binding proteins are best characterized as regulators of membrane traffic, but recent studies indicate an additional role in cytoskeletal organization. An Arf GTPase-activating protein of the centaurin β family, ASAP1 (also known as centaurin β4), binds Arf and two other known regulators of the actin cytoskeleton, the tyrosine kinase Src and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. In this paper, we show that ASAP1 localizes to focal adhesions and cycles with focal adhesion proteins when cells are stimulated to move. Overexpression of ASAP1 altered the morphology of focal adhesions and blocked both cell spreading and formation of dorsal ruffles induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). On the other hand, ASAP1, with a mutation that disrupted GTPase-activating protein activity, had a reduced effect on cell spreading and increased the number of cells forming dorsal ruffles in response to PDGF. These data support a role for an Arf GTPase-activating protein, ASAP1, as a regulator of cytoskeletal remodeling and raise the possibility that the Arf pathway is a target for PDGF signaling.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Apr 11 2000
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