Trp-His, the anti-atherosclerotic dipeptide, exerted an antiproliferative effect on vascular smooth muscle cells by L-type Ca2+ channel blocker-like effect. The beneficial potential by the blockade of Ca2+ channels on chronic intestinal inflammation, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is unclear. Trp-His (100 or 250 mg/kg body weight/day) was administered for 14 days to BALB/c mice, and 5% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) was administered to induce colitis in the last 7 days. Trp-His reduced DSS-induced typical colitis symptoms and cytokine expression in the colon. Trp-His inhibited interleukin (IL)-8 secretion in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-stimulated HT-29 cells. The inhibitory effect of Trp-His, as well as that of Ca2+ channel blockers, was impaired by the presence of Ca2+ channel agonist Bay K 8644. The TNF-α-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and IκBα were decreased by Trp-His. These results indicated that the anti-inflammatory effect of Trp-His may be involved in the blockade of L-type Ca2+ channels.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Agricultural and Biological Sciences