Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is recognized as an anorexic peptide in the brain of vertebrates, but its mechanism of action has not been identified in birds. Therefore, we investigated whether the anorexic effect of alpha-MSH is mediated by corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) in the domestic chick. Firstly, we found that intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of alpha-MSH dose dependently increased plasma corticosterone (CORT) concentration. This effect was partly attenuated by co-injection of astressin, a CRF receptor antagonist, demonstrating that alpha-MSH stimulated CORT secretion by activating CRF neurons. The alpha-MSH-elicited CORT release was not attenuated by the injection of agouti-related protein, an endogenous melanocortin-4 (MC4) receptor antagonist, suggesting that alpha-MSH stimulated CRF neurons through MC4 receptor-independent pathways. Finally, we found that the anorexic effect of alpha-MSH was partly attenuated by astressin. The present results suggest that the anorexic effect of alpha-MSH in the chick brain is mediated in part by activation of CRF neurons.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - May 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Molecular Biology