Targeting hepatic oxidative stress rescues bone loss in liver fibrosis

Soichiro Sonoda, Sara Murata, Haruyoshi Yamaza, Ratih Yuniartha, Junko Fujiyoshi, Koichiro Yoshimaru, Toshiharu Matsuura, Yoshinao Oda, Shouichi Ohga, Tasturo Tajiri, Tomoaki Taguchi, Takayoshi Yamaza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Chronic liver diseases often involve metabolic damage to the skeletal system. The underlying mechanism of bone loss in chronic liver diseases remains unclear, and appropriate therapeutic options, except for orthotopic liver transplantation, have proved insufficient for these patients. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and mechanism of transplantation of immature hepatocyte-like cells converted from stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED-Heps) in bone loss of chronic liver fibrosis. Methods: Mice that were chronically treated with CCl4 received SHED-Heps, and trabecular bone density, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and osteoclast activity were subsequently analyzed in vivo and in vitro. The effects of stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) knockdown in SHED-Heps were also evaluated in chronically CCl4 treated mice. Results: SHED-Hep transplantation (SHED-HepTx) improved trabecular bone loss and liver fibrosis in chronic CCl4-treated mice. SHED-HepTx reduced hepatic ROS production and interleukin 17 (Il-17) expression under chronic CCl4 damage. SHED-HepTx reduced the expression of both Il-17 and tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 11A (Tnfrsf11a) and ameliorated the imbalance of osteoclast and osteoblast activities in the bone marrow of CCl4-treated mice. Functional knockdown of STC1 in SHED-Heps attenuated the benefit of SHED-HepTx including anti-bone loss effect by suppressing osteoclast differentiation through TNFSF11–TNFRSF11A signaling and enhancing osteoblast differentiation in the bone marrow, as well as anti-fibrotic and anti-ROS effects in the CCl4-injured livers. Conclusions: These findings suggest that targeting hepatic ROS provides a novel approach to treat bone loss resulting from chronic liver diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101599
JournalMolecular Metabolism
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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