A series of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) analogs and positional isomers was examined to explore the structure-activity relationships among IP3 5-phosphatase, IP3 3-kinase, and the release of Ca2+. All analogs with additional groups on the 2nd position of IP3 inhibited the hydrolysis of [5-32P]IP2 catalyzed by erythrocyte ghosts, with a lower K(i) value than seen with IP3. IP3 dehydroxylated at the 2nd position also had a lower K(i), while 2,4,5-IP3 or cyclic (1:2),4,5-IP3 had higher K(i) values. Among these compounds 2-deoxy-IP3 was as potent as IP3 in inhibiting the phosphorylation by [3H] IP3-3-kinase in rat brain cytosol. The other compounds, except for 2,4,5-IP3 inhibited the phosphorylation, however, 2-30 times higher concentrations were required. By lowering free Ca2+, the concentrations required for half-maximal inhibition were low, while those of IP3, 2-deoxy-IP3, and positional isomers remained unchanged. These compounds acted as full agonists in releasing Ca2+ from permeabilized macrophages, although 1.6-50-fold higher concentrations than IP3 were required. These compounds also inhibited the binding of [3H]IP3 to rat cerebellum and bovine adrenal cortex microsomes, but the potencies were 2.9-33 times less than that of IP3. Thus, the 2nd position of IP3 can be modified with only a slight loss of biological activity.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 1989
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology