Narrow-gap semiconductors with visible light absorption capability have attracted attention as photofunctional materials. H--doped BaSn0.7Y0.3O3-δcontaining Sn(II) species was recently reported to absorb visible light up to 600 nm, which represents the first demonstration of oxyhydride-based visible-light-absorbers. In the present study, a more detailed investigation was made to obtain information on the synthesis and properties of H--doped perovskite-type stannate with respect to the A-site cation of the material and the preparation conditions. H--doped ASn0.7Y0.3O3-δ(A = Ba, Ba0.5Sr0.5, and Sr) obtained by the reaction of ASn0.7Y0.3O3-δprecursors with CaH2at 773 K under vacuum conditions was shown to have almost the same bandgap (ca. 2.1 eV), regardless of the A-site cation. Physicochemical measurements and theoretical calculations revealed that the identical bandgaps of H--doped ASn0.7Y0.3O3-δare due to the simultaneous shift of the midgap states composed of Sn2+with the conduction band minimum. Experimental results also indicated that the appropriate preparation conditions with respect to Y3+-substitution and the temperature for the synthesis of the ASn0.7Y0.3O3-δprecursors were essential to obtain H--doped products that have a low density of defects.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry