An efficient synthesis of (E)-4-orthocyclophene (E)-1 via photochemical isomerization of (Z)-1 has been achieved. The key intermediate (Z)-1 was synthesized from commercially available 2-(hydroxymethyl)benzenepropanol (3) in five steps: (i) group-selective Mitsunobu reaction with CH2=CHCH2CH(SO2Ph)2, (ii) oxidation of alcohol, (III) olefination, (iv) RCM, and (v) removal of sulfones in an overall yield of 73%. The photochemical isomerization of (Z)-1 was efficiently performed in the presence of AgNO3-impregnated silica gel (AgNO3/SiO2). The resulting (E)-1 shows dynamic planar chirality at rt. Enantioenriched (E)-1 was prepared by the HPLC separation of enantiomers using a chiral stationary phase, and the absolute stereochemistry was determined by X-ray diffraction analysis of the Pt-coordinated crystalline derivative. The planar chirality of (E)-1 can be converted into the central chirality of carbon; e.g., the oxidation of (R)-(E)-1 using DMDO provided epoxide (8S,9S)-9 in a stereospecific manner. Furthermore, the Lewis acid-promoted reaction of (8S,9S)-9 afforded a unique tricyclic compound (8S,9S)-10 in an excellent yield and in a stereospecific manner.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry