Survival of majoritic garnet in diamond by direct kimberlite ascent from deep mantle

Masayuki Nishi, Tomoaki Kubo, Takumi Kato, Aiko Tominaga, Akira Shimojuku, Naoko Doi, Ken Ichi Funakoshi, Yuji Higo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Majoritic garnets discovered as diamond inclusion in several localities originated from the deep upper mantle or the mantle transition zone. Some of them show evidence of partial transformation to low-pressure phases of pyropic garnet and clinopyroxene during transportation to the Earth's surface. The degree of partial transformation can be used potentially as a unique speedometer on the average ascent rate of diamond through the entire upper mantle. Here we present experimental results on the back transformation kinetics of majoritic garnet into pyropic garnet and clinopyroxene by time-resolved in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements. We observed that back transformation occurs by grain-boundary nucleation and diffusion-controlled growth at 6.5-7.5 GPa and 1020-1300°C. The transformation mechanisms are similar to those observed in natural diamond. The temperature dependence of diffusion-controlled growth rates were determined from the kinetic data obtained, which was used to constrain the survival time of majoritic garnet in diamond. We found that the ascending velocity in the normal mantle convection is far too slow to satisfy the time limitation for the survival of majoritic garnet, indicating that such diamonds have been transported directly from the deep mantle by the rapid kimberlite magma within a few days.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL09305
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Survival of majoritic garnet in diamond by direct kimberlite ascent from deep mantle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this