Objectives: The optimal treatment for recurrent non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been standardized. In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated post-recurrence survival (PRS) after treatment of recurrent NSCLC and identified prognostic factors after recurrence. Methods: This multicenter prospective cohort study was conducted in 14 hospitals. The inclusion criteria for this study were patients with recurrence after radical resection for NSCLC. Information about the patient characteristics at recurrence, tumor-related variables, primary surgery, and treatment for recurrence was collected. After registration, follow-up data, such as treatment and survival outcomes, were obtained every 3 months. Results: From 2010 to 2015, 505 cases were enrolled, and 495 cases were analyzed. As initial treatment for recurrence, 263 patients (53%) received chemotherapy, 46 (9%) received chemoradiotherapy, 98 (20%) had definitive radiotherapy, 14 (3%) received palliative radiotherapy, and 31 (6%) underwent surgical resection. The remaining 43 patients (9%) received supportive care. The median PRS and 5-year survival rates for all cases were 30 months and 31.9%, respectively. The median PRS according to the initial treatment was as follows: supportive care, 8 months; palliative radiotherapy, 16 months; definitive radiotherapy, 30 months; chemotherapy, 31 months; chemoradiotherapy, 35 months; and surgery, not reached. A multivariate analysis showed that the age, gender, performance status, histology presence of symptoms, duration from primary surgery to recurrence, and number of recurrent foci were independent prognostic factors for PRS. Conclusions: The PRS of patients with recurrent NSCLC was different depending on the patient's background characteristics and initial treatment for recurrence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine