Background: A consensus on the optimal surgical procedure for thoracolumbar OVF has yet to be reached due to the previous relatively small number of case series. The study was conducted to investigate surgical outcomes for osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) in the thoracolumbar spine. Methods: In total, 315 OVF patients (mean age, 74 years; 68 men and 247 women) with neurological symptoms who underwent spinal fusion with a minimum 2-year follow-up were included. The patients were divided into 5 groups by procedure: anterior spinal fusion alone (ASF group, n = 19), anterior/posterior combined fusion (APSF group, n = 27), posterior spinal fusion alone (PSF group, n = 40), PSF with 3-column osteotomy (3CO group, n = 92), and PSF with vertebroplasty (VP + PSF group, n = 137). Results: Mean operation time was longer in the APSF group (p < 0.05), and intraoperative blood loss was lower in the VP + PSF group (p < 0.05). The amount of local kyphosis correction was greater in the APSF and 3CO groups (p < 0.05). Clinical outcomes were approximately equivalent among all groups. Conclusion: All 5 procedures resulted in acceptable neurological outcomes and functional improvement in walking ability. Moreover, they were similar with regard to complication rates, prevalence of mechanical failure related to the instrumentation, and subsequent vertebral fracture. Individual surgical techniques can be adapted to suit patient condition or severity of OVF.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine