Surface reactivity of octacalcium phosphate-derived fluoride-containing apatite in the presence of polyols and fluoride

Sei Tsutsui, Takahisa Anada, Yukari Shiwaku, Kaori Tsuchiya, Hajime Yamazaki, Osamu Suzuki

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The present study was designed to characterize co-precipitated fluoridated apatitic materials from octacalcium phosphate (OCP) precursor and to investigate their surface reactions with polyols including glycerol in the presence of fluoride ions. Laboratory-synthesized fluoridated apatite crystals (LS-FA) were obtained in a solution containing fluoride (F) from 25 to 500 ppm. LS-FAs and commercially available fluoroapatite (FA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) were characterized by physical techniques, such as X-ray diffraction. LS-FA obtained in the presence of 100 ppmF (100 ppm-LS-FA) had an apatitic structure, but its solubility was close to HA in a culture medium (α-MEM) despite the fact it contains over 3 wt % of F. 100 ppm-LS-FA, FA, and HA were then subjected to the human serum albumin (HSA) adsorption test at pH 7.4 (in a 150 mM Tris–HCl buffer) and the dissolution and re-mineralization experiments in the presence of xylitol, D-sorbitol, or glycerol, and F under acidic and neutral conditions. Adsorption affinity of HSA was estimated as highest for FA and lowest for LS-FA. LS-FA, FA, and HA were immersed in a lactic acid solution with the polyols and/or F ion-containing solution up to 200 ppm to analyze the dissolution behavior. LS-FA had the highest dissolution tendency in the conditions examined. Glycerol enhanced the dissolution of phosphate from apatite crystals in particular from LS-FA. The results suggest that the apatite crystals, obtained through the hydrolysis of OCP in the presence of F, provide a more reactive surface than FA or HA under physiological environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2235-2244
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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