Surface-Modified Cellulose Nanofibers-graft-poly(lactic acid)s Made by Ring-Opening Polymerization of l-Lactide

Chaniga Chuensangjun, Kyohei Kanomata, Takuya Kitaoka, Yusuf Chisti, Sarote Sirisansaneeyakul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Highly crystalline cellulose nanofibers with a high density of carboxylate groups only on the surfaces were prepared from both softwood and non-wood cellulose pulp. The preparation method used 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO)-mediated oxidation of native cellulose fibrils in an aqueous TEMPO/NaBr/NaClO system and subsequent postoxidation with NaClO 2 in acetate buffer (pH 4.8). The TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (TOCNs) possessed a carboxylate content of 1.7 mmol g −1 and a crystallinity of 67–69% with a crystallite size of ∼3 nm. The TOCNs were used to produce highly crystalline TOCN-graft-poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanocomposites via ring-opening polymerization of l-lactide in a polar aprotic solvent. Effects of the reaction temperature and the molar ratio of l-lactide to carboxylate surface groups, on the efficiency of surface grafting were investigated to potentially improve the crystallinity and thermal properties of the nanocomposites. The crystallinity of TOCN-g-PLA products was 59–66% greater than the crystallinity of neat PLA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-861
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Polymers and the Environment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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