Surface modification of carbon nanofiber with high degree of graphitization

Seongyop Lim, Seong Ho Yoon, Isao Mochida, Jun Hwa Chi

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


Mechanical and chemical treatments were found to improve the graphitization extent of graphitized platelet carbon nanofiber, which showed little change in graphitization parameters of X-ray diffraction even after heat treatment at 2800°C. Such treatments also restored the surface area that was significantly decreased through the formation of loop-shaped ends on the surface of carbon nanofibers by the graphitization. Formation, distortion, and removal of loop-shaped ends corresponded to such morphological and structural changes of the platelet carbon nanofiber. Relaxation of high-energy edges of the hexagon at the graphitization and high reactivity of closed loop ends at the treatments were observed under TEM. This study also supports existence of the primary rodlike structural unit in carbon nanofibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1533-1536
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Feb 5 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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