Surface chemistry of neat tin oxide sensor for response to hydrogen gas in air

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The response of a neat tin oxide device to hydrogen gas in air was analyzed in detail, shedding light on the surface chemistry involved. The response was clearly divided into two categories depending on the partial pressure of hydrogen (PH2), one in which the response was controlled by the reaction of O2- ions (at small PH2) and another in which the response was by that of O- ions (at higher PH2). Typical of the former category, a threshold PH2 appeared, indicating that the O- ions had been produced transiently through the reaction of O2- ions. Interestingly, a considerable amount of O2- ions was shown to persist even in the stage of the latter category, leading to an increase in resistance. Mechanism of switching between the two categories, the persistent amount of O2- ions and the meaning of the threshold PH2 could be accounted for satisfactorily based on the diagram of partition of the transferred electrons between O- and O2-. The characteristic quantities of the response in the two categories were evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-410
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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