Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1/JAB) negatively regulates not only the cytokine-signaling pathway but also lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophage activation. We found that SOCS1-deficient dendritic cells (DCs) were also hyperresponsive to interferon-γ and interleukin-4. To define the role of SOCS1-deficient DCs in vivo, we generated mice in which the SOCS1 expression was restored in T and B cells on a SOCS1-/- background. In these mice, DCs were accumulated in the thymus and spleen and produced high levels of BAFF/BLyS and APRIL, resulting in the aberrant expansion of B cells and autoreactive antibody production. SOCS1-deficient DCs efficiently stimulated B cell proliferation in vitro and autoantibody production in vivo. These results indicate that SOCS1 plays an essential role in the normal DC functions and suppression of systemic autoimmunity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases