Superoxide anion impairs Ca2+ mobilization in cultured human nasal epithelial cells

Tetsuya Koyama, Masahiro Oike, Sohtaro Komiyama, Yushi Ito

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3 Citations (Scopus)


We examined the effects of superoxide anion (O2/-) on the intracellular Ca2+ concentration in cultured human nasal epithelial cells. The cells were exposed to O2/- by pretreatment with xanthine (X) and xanthine oxidase (XO); control cells were treated with X alone. When Ca2+-containing Krebs solution was reperfused in the thapsigargin-treated, store- depleted cells, reapplication-induced intracellular Ca2+ concentration elevation was significantly smaller in X/XO-treated cells than in the control cells, suggesting that O2/- impairs Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ entry (CRAC). Bath application of ATP induced a steep Ca2+ transient in both control and X/XO- treated cells. However, the concentration-response curve of the ATP-induced Ca2+ transient was shifted to a higher concentration in X/XO-treated cells. The impairments of CRAC and ATP-induced Ca2+ transient induced by X/XO were reversed by superoxide dismutase. Furthermore, all these X/XO-induced effects were also observed in cells pretreated with pyrogallol, also an O2/- donor. These results indicate that O2/- impairs at least two mechanisms involved in Ca2+ mobilization in human nasal epithelial cells, i.e., CRAC and ATP-induced Ca2+ release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L1089-L1095
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Issue number6 21-6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology


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