Superconducting Order Parameter in UTe2 Determined by Knight Shift Measurement

Hiroki Fujibayashi, Genki Nakamine, Katsuki Kinjo, Shunsaku Kitagawa, Kenji Ishida, Yo Tokunaga, Hironori Sakai, Shinsaku Kambe, Ai Nakamura, Yusei Shimizu, Yoshiya Homma, Dexin Li, Fuminori Honda, Dai Aoki

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27 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the spin susceptibility in U-based superconductor UTe2 in the superconducting (SC) state by using Knight shift measurements for a magnetic field H along the a axis, which is the magnetic easy axis of UTe2. Although a tiny anomaly ascribed to the SC diamagnetic effect was observed just below the SC transition temperature Tc, the a-axis Knight shift in the SC state shows no significant decrease, following the extrapolation from the normal-state temperature dependence. This indicates that the spin susceptibility is nearly unchanged below Tc. Considering the previous Knight shift results for H ∥ b and H ∥ c, the dominant SC state is determined to be B3u in the spin-triplet pairing, which is consistent with the spin anisotropy in the normal state. The present result shows that UTe2 is a spin-triplet superconductor with spin degrees of freedom.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043705
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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