Sudden changes in the tropical stratospheric and tropospheric circulation during January 2009

Kunihiko Kodera, Nawo Eguchi, Jae N. Lee, Yuhji Kuroda, Seiji Yukimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


In mid-January 2009, sudden changes in circulation occurred in the tropical troposphere and stratosphere. Convective activity situated over the equatorial Maritime Continent showed an abrupt weakening, whereas that over the South American to African sectors became stronger. Changes also occurred in the latitudinal structure; convective activity in the Northern Hemisphere became weaker, whereas that in the Southern Hemisphere became stronger. The change in convective activity took place in association with a change in tropical circulation, from east-west to north-south type (i.e.,fromWalker-toHadley-type circulation). Almost simultaneouslywiththeseeventsinthe troposphere, achange in meridional circulation occurred in the stratosphere during a record-breaking stratospheric sudden warming event in January 2009. Stratospheric tropical temperature showed a decrease in response to a strengthening of the hemispherical meridional circulation. In the present study, we show how the stratospheric and tropospheric circulation changes are dynamically coupled.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-290
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


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