To develop a new method for identification of Listeria monocytogenes genetically similar to clinical isolates, single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) typing and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) of 126 isolates of L. monocytogenes from clinical and environmental samples were performed based on sequence analysis of parts of four genes (hlyA, clpC, inlA, and plcA). Based on the sequences of the isolates in this study, SNP typing showed that hlyA, clpC, inlA, and plcA genes were categorized into 9, 14, 17, and 21 types, respectively. MLST showed that the isolates were grouped into 35 types including 12 types of clinical isolates. Out of those, four MLST types were found in food or environmental and clinical isolates. In particular, all clinical isolates with serotype 1/2a were grouped into the same hlyA SNP A5 type. A method using real-time PCR combined with Cycling Probe Technology was developed for rapid identification of SNP type of L. monocytogenes genetically similar to the clinical isolates. By using this method, the 1/2a clinical isolates showing MLST-2 were successfully identified with a specific primer set and a cycling probe designed on the basis of sequence of hlyA. Furthermore, clinical isolates of serotype 4b showing MLST-4 or -35 were successfully identified by a method using cycling probes based on sequences of clpC and inlA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering