Subclinical nephrosclerosis is linked to left ventricular hypertrophy independent of classical atherogenic factors

Naoki Haruyama, Akihiro Tsuchimoto, Kosuke Masutani, Masaharu Nagata, Hidehisa Kitada, Masao Tanaka, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Takanari Kitazono

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, cardio-renal interactions have been considered to be important and it has been demonstrated that mild renal dysfunction is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). However, the correlation between LVH and subclinical renal damage is unclear. We investigated this association by assessing pretransplant biopsies from living kidney donors with normal renal function. We retrospectively categorized 238 living kidney donors into tertiles according to the percentage of global glomerulosclerosis (%GGS) observed in pretransplant biopsies (low, 0-3.45% (n=80); moderate, 3.46-11.76% (n=78); high, ≥11.77% (n=80)) to analyze trends in their left ventricular mass index (LVMI) measured by echocardiography and baseline factors. LVH was defined as LVMI >110 g m -2 in female and >125 g m -2 in male subjects. We used a logistic regression model to evaluate any correlations between %GGS and LVH. LVMI increased significantly with increasing tertiles of %GGS, as did the prevalence of left ventricular remodeling and LVH. According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, subjects with high %GGS tertiles had a sevenfold greater risk of LVH than did those with low tertiles, even after adjusting for age, sex, systolic blood pressure, history of diabetes mellitus, total serum cholesterol and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measured by a radioisotopic technique. There is an association between GGS and LVH in subjects with normal renal function. This association is significant after adjustment for age, sex, blood pressure, GFR and other atherogenic factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-477
Number of pages6
JournalHypertension Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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