Subcellular localization of the α and β subunits of the acute myeloid leukemia-linked transcription factor PEBP2/CBF

Jie Lu, Mitsuo Maruyama, Masanobu Satake, Suk Chul Bae, Eiko Ogawa, Hiroshi Kagoshima, Katsuya Shigesada, Yoshiaki Ito

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107 Citations (Scopus)


Each of the two human genes encoding the α and β subunits of a heterodimeric transcription factor, PEBP2, has been found at the breakpoints of two characteristic chromosome translocations associated with acute myeloid leukemia, suggesting that they are candidate proto-oncogenes. Polyclonal antibodies against the α and β subunits of PEBP2 were raised in rabbits and hamsters. Immunofluorescence labeling of NIH 3T3 cells transfected with PEBP2α and -β cDNAs revealed that the full-size αA1 and αB1 proteins, the products of two related but distinct genes, are located in the nucleus, while the β subunit is localized to the cytoplasm. Deletion analysis demonstrated that there are two regions in αA1 responsible for nuclear accumulation of the protein: one mapped in the region between amino acids 221 and 513, and the other mapped in the Runt domain (amino acids 94 to 221) harboring the DNA-binding and the heterodimerizing activities. When the full-size αA1 and 11 proteins are coexpressed in a single cell, the former is present in the nucleus and the latter still remains in the cytoplasm. However, the N- or C- terminally truncated αA1 proteins devoid of the region upstream or downstream of the Runt domain colocalized with the β protein in the nucleus. In these cases, the β protein appeared to be translocated into the nucleus passively by binding to αA1. The chimeric protein containing the β protein at the N-terminal region generated as a result of the inversion of chromosome 16 colocalized with αA1 to the nucleus more readily than the normal β protein. The implications of these results in relation to leukemogenesis are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1651-1661
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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