Structure-guided identification of a new catalytic motif of oligosaccharyltransferase

Mayumi Igura, Nobuo Maita, Jun Kamishikiryo, Masaki Yamada, Takayuki Obita, Katsumi Maenaka, Daisuke Kohda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Asn-glycosylation is widespread not only in eukaryotes but also in archaea and some eubacteria. Oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) catalyzes the co-translational transfer of an oligosaccharide from a lipid donor to an asparagine residue in nascent polypeptide chains. Here, we report that a thermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus OST is composed of the STT3 protein alone, and catalyzes the transfer of a heptasaccharide, containing one hexouronate and two pentose residues, onto peptides in an Asn-X-Thr/Ser-motif- dependent manner. We also determined the 2.7-Å resolution crystal structure of the C-terminal soluble domain of Pyrococcus STT3. The structure-based multiple sequence alignment revealed a new motif, DxxK, which is adjacent to the well-conserved WWDYG motif in the tertiary structure. The mutagenesis of the DK motif residues in yeast STT3 revealed the essential role of the motif in the catalytic activity. The function of this motif may be related to the binding of the pyrophosphate group of lipid-linked oligosaccharide donors through a transiently bound cation. Our structure provides the first structural insights into the formation of the oligosaccharide-asparagine bond.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-243
Number of pages10
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 9 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology

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